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A multiscale model for determination of kinetic rate constants for hydrotalcite catalyzed biodiesel synthesis

Kapil, A, Masters, A and Sadhukhan, J (2009) A multiscale model for determination of kinetic rate constants for hydrotalcite catalyzed biodiesel synthesis In: Advances in Biofuel Technologies, 2009-04-26 - 2009-04-30, Tampa, USA.

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Abstract

Biodiesel is a renewable, environmentally friendly fuel. Commercially most biodiesel is produced from the esterification reaction of vegetable oil with methanol in the presence of a homogeneous catalyst 1. Heterogeneous catalysis however lowers the cost of production by reducing the number of downstream processes. There have been some experimental studies on hydrotalcite as a heterogeneous catalyst2, but little work has been done on the modelling of the process. To evaluate the industrial applicability of the heterogeneous catalyzed process, we have developed a multiscale model for hydrotalcite catalyzed transesterification using a hybrid Monte Carlo/mean field approach. The spatial distribution of species on the catalyst surface is an important factor in determining the reaction rate and this can be taken into account by the application of Kinetic Monte Carlo3. An Eley-Rideal type mechanism is used to model the reactions on the catalyst surface. The overall reaction rate expressions have been derived based on the assumption of quasi steady state conditions for the surface species. We have used a novel hybrid model based on elementary reaction steps to increase the accuracy and robustness of the overall reaction kinetic expression and hence the design of the reactor. This model can be further extended to determine optimum catalyst properties and bulk conditions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Kapil, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Masters, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sadhukhan, Jj.sadhukhan@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2009
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:06
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:01
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/834042

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