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Organic Super-Acceptors with Efficient Intramolecular Charge-Transfer Interactions by [2+2] Cycloadditions of TCNE, TCNQ, and F-4-TCNQ to Donor-Substituted Cyanoalkynes

Kivala, M, Boudon, C, Gisselbrecht, J-P, Enko, B, Seiler, P, Mueller, IB, Langer, N, Jarowski, PD, Gescheidt, G and Diederich, F (2009) Organic Super-Acceptors with Efficient Intramolecular Charge-Transfer Interactions by [2+2] Cycloadditions of TCNE, TCNQ, and F-4-TCNQ to Donor-Substituted Cyanoalkynes Chem-Eur J, 15, 16. pp. 4111-4123.

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Thermal [2+2] cycloadditions of tetracyanoethene (TCNE), 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ), and 2,3,4,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (F-4-TCNQ) to N,N-dimethylanilino-substituted (DMA-substituted) alkynes bearing either nitrile, dicyanovinyl (DCV; -CH=C(CN)(2)), or tricyanovinyl (TCV; -C(CN)=C(CN)(2)) functionalities, followed by retro-electrocyclization, afforded a new class of stable organic super-acceptors. Despite the non-planarity of these acceptors, as revealed by X-ray crystallographic analysis and theoretical calculations, efficient intramolecular charge-transfer (CT) interactions between the DMA donors and the CN-containing acceptor moieties are established. The corresponding CT bands appear strongly bathochromically shifted with maxima up to 1120 nm (1.11 eV) accompanied by an end-absorption in the near infrared around 1600 nm (0.78 eV) for F-4-TCNQ adducts. Electronic absorption spectra of selected acceptors were nicely reproduced by applying the spectroscopy oriented configuration interaction (SORCI) procedure. The electrochemical investigations of these acceptors by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and rotating disc voltammetry (RDV) in CH2Cl2 identified their remarkable propensity for reversible electron Uptake rivaling the benchmark compounds TCNQ (E-red,E-1 = -0.25 V in CH2Cl2 vs. Fc(+)/Fc) and F-4-TCNQ (E-red,E-1 = +0.16 V in CH2Cl2 vs. Fc(+)/Fc). Furthermore, the electron-accepting power of these new compounds expressed as adiabatic electron affinity (EA) has been estimated by theoretical calculations and compared to the reference acceptor F-4-TCNQ. which is Used as a p-type dopant in the fabrication of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and solar cells. A good linear correlation exists between the calculated EAs and the first reduction potentials E-red,E-1 Despite the substitution with strong DMA donors, the predicted E-As reach the value calculated for F-4-TCNQ (4.96 eV) in many cases, which makes the new, acceptors interesting for potential applications as dopants in of-garlic optoelectronic devices. The first example of a charge-transfer salt between the DMA-substituted TCNQ adduct (E-red,E-1 = -0.27 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc) and the strong electron donor decamethyl-ferrocene ([FeCP*(2)]: W = pentamethylcylopentadienide; E-ox,E-1 = -0.59 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc) is described. Interestingly, the X-ray crystal structure showed that in the solid state the TCNQ moiety in the acceptor underwent reductive sigma-dimerization upon reaction with the donor.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Kivala, M
Boudon, C
Gisselbrecht, J-P
Enko, B
Seiler, P
Mueller, IB
Langer, N
Gescheidt, G
Diederich, F
Date : January 2009
DOI : 10.1002/chem.200802563
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 11:49
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 21:18

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