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Perception and recognition of faces in adolescence

Fuhrmann, D, Knoll, LJ, Sakhardande, AL, Speekenbrink, M, Cohen Kadosh, K and Blakemore, S-J (2016) Perception and recognition of faces in adolescence Scientific Reports, 6, 33497.

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Abstract

Most studies on the development of face cognition abilities have focussed on childhood, with early maturation accounts contending that face cognition abilities are mature by 3–5 years. Late maturation accounts, in contrast, propose that some aspects of face cognition are not mature until at least 10 years. Here, we measured face memory and face perception, two core face cognition abilities, in 661 participants (397 females) in four age groups (younger adolescents (11.27–13.38 years); mid-adolescents (13.39–15.89 years); older adolescents (15.90–18.00 years); and adults (18.01–33.15 years)) while controlling for differences in general cognitive ability. We showed that both face cognition abilities mature relatively late, at around 16 years, with a female advantage in face memory, but not in face perception, both in adolescence and adulthood. Late maturation in the face perception task was driven mainly by protracted development in identity perception, while gaze perception abilities were already comparatively mature in early adolescence. These improvements in the ability to memorize, recognize and perceive faces during adolescence may be related to increasing exploratory behaviour and exposure to novel faces during this period of life.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Fuhrmann, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Knoll, LJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sakhardande, ALUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Speekenbrink, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cohen Kadosh, Kk.cohenkadosh@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Blakemore, S-JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 20 September 2016
Identification Number : 10.1038/srep33497
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Author(s) 2016. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords : Human behaviour, Perception
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:49
Last Modified : 18 May 2017 12:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/829305

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