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Enhancing masculinity by slandering homosexuals: The role of homophobic epithets in heterosexual gender identity

Carnaghi, A, Maass, A and Fasoli, F (2011) Enhancing masculinity by slandering homosexuals: The role of homophobic epithets in heterosexual gender identity Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37 (12). pp. 1655-1665.

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Abstract

The current studies investigate the effects of homophobic labels on the self-perception of heterosexual males, hypothesizing that when exposed to homophobic epithets, they are motivated to underline their masculinity and claim a distinctly heterosexual identity by taking distance from homosexuals and, to a lesser degree, from women. Heterosexual male participants were subliminally (Study 1) and supraliminally (Study 2) primed either by a homophobic epithet or by a category label, and completed the Traditional Beliefs About Gender and Gender Identity scale. Participants stressed their heterosexual identity, but not their gender distinctiveness, when exposed to homophobic epithets, compared to category labels. Study 2 demonstrated that the relation between the homophobic label and the participants’ heterosexual identity was mediated by how negatively they reacted to the antigay label. Heterosexual identity was enhanced in reaction to homophobic labels but not to an equally derogatory label referring to regional identity. Results are discussed within an intergroup framework.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Carnaghi, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Maass, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fasoli, Ff.fasoli@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : December 2011
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167211424167
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2011 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
Uncontrolled Keywords : Sexual prejudice, Derogatory language, Gender identity, Gender distinctiveness, Masculinity
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:48
Last Modified : 18 May 2017 12:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/829262

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