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Losing our humanity: The self-dehumanizing consequences of social ostracism

Bastian, B, Jetten, J, Chen, H, Radke, HRM, Harding, JF and Fasoli, F (2013) Losing our humanity: The self-dehumanizing consequences of social ostracism Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39 (2). pp. 156-169.

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Abstract

People not only dehumanize others, they also dehumanize the self in response to their own harmful behavior. We examine this self-dehumanization effect across four studies. Studies 1 and 2 show that when participants are perpetrators of social ostracism, they view themselves as less human compared with when they engage in nonaversive interpersonal interactions. Perceived immorality of their behavior mediated this effect. Studies 3 and 4 highlight the behavioral consequences of self-dehumanization. The extent to which participants saw themselves as less human after perpetrating social ostracism predicted subsequent prosocial behavior. Studies 2 to 4 also demonstrate that consequences of self-dehumanization occur independently of any effects of self-esteem or mood. The findings are discussed in relation to previous work on dehumanization and self-perception. We conclude that in the context of immoral actions (self) dehumanization may be functional.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Bastian, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jetten, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chen, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Radke, HRMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Harding, JFUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fasoli, Ff.fasoli@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 February 2013
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167212471205
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2012 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
Uncontrolled Keywords : Dehumanization, Social ostracism, Self-perception, Moral disengagement, Prosocial behavior
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:48
Last Modified : 18 May 2017 12:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/829260

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