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Biofilm formation by Campylobacter jejuni is increased under aerobic conditions

Reuter, M, Mallett, A, Pearson, BM and van Vliet, AH (2010) Biofilm formation by Campylobacter jejuni is increased under aerobic conditions Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 76 (7). pp. 2122-2128.

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The microaerophilic human pathogen Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of food-borne bacterial gastroenteritis in the developed world. During transmission through the food chain and the environment, the organism must survive stressful environmental conditions, particularly high oxygen levels. Biofilm formation has been suggested to play a role in the environmental survival of this organism. In this work we show that C. jejuni NCTC 11168 biofilms developed more rapidly under environmental and food-chain-relevant aerobic conditions (20% O2) than under microaerobic conditions (5% O2, 10% CO2), although final levels of biofilms were comparable after 3 days. Staining of biofilms with Congo red gave results similar to those obtained with the commonly used crystal violet staining. The level of biofilm formation by nonmotile aflagellate strains was lower than that observed for the motile flagellated strain but nonetheless increased under aerobic conditions, suggesting the presence of flagellum-dependent and flagellum-independent mechanisms of biofilm formation in C. jejuni. Moreover, preformed biofilms shed high numbers of viable C. jejuni cells into the culture supernatant independently of the oxygen concentration, suggesting a continuous passive release of cells into the medium rather than a condition-specific active mechanism of dispersal. We conclude that under aerobic or stressful conditions, C. jejuni adapts to a biofilm lifestyle, allowing survival under detrimental conditions, and that such a biofilm can function as a reservoir of viable planktonic cells. The increased level of biofilm formation under aerobic conditions is likely to be an adaptation contributing to the zoonotic lifestyle of C. jejuni.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Veterinary Medicine
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Reuter, M
Mallett, A
Pearson, BM
van Vliet,
Date : 5 February 2010
DOI : 10.1128/AEM.01878-09
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:46
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 20:02

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