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Emotional well-being and adjustment to vision loss in later life: A meta-synthesis of qualitative studies

Nyman, SR, Dibb, B, Victor, CR and Gosney, MA (2012) Emotional well-being and adjustment to vision loss in later life: A meta-synthesis of qualitative studies Disability and Rehabilitation, 34 (12). pp. 971-981.

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Purpose: To review perceived emotional well-being in older people with visual impairment and perceived factors that inhibit/facilitate psychosocial adjustment to vision loss. Method: The databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched for studies published from January 1980 to December 2010, which recruited older people with irreversible vision loss, and used qualitative methods for both data collection and analysis. Results sections of the papers were synthesised using a thematic-style analysis to identify the emergent and dominant themes. Results: Seventeen qualitative papers were included in the review, and five main themes emerged from the synthesis: 1) the trauma of an ophthalmic diagnosis, 2) impact of vision loss on daily life, 3) negative impact of visual impairment on psychosocial well-being, 4) factors that inhibit social well-being, and 5) factors that facilitate psychological well-being. We found the response shift model useful for explaining our synthesis. Conclusions: Acquired visual impairment can have a significant impact on older people's well-being and make psychosocial adjustment to the condition a major challenge. Acceptance of the condition and a positive attitude facilitate successful psychosocial adjustment to vision loss as well as social support from family, friends and peers who have successfully adjusted to the condition. Implications for Rehabilitation Visual impairment can have a profound negative impact on individuals' psychosocial well-being. The emotional needs of those with visual impairment should not to be neglected, particularly those recently diagnosed. Referrals to services may be appropriate for individuals with vision loss (e.g. counselling and peer support groups). It may also be appropriate to discuss with individuals the factors that inhibit/facilitate psychosocial adjustment to vision loss. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Nyman, SR
Victor, CR
Gosney, MA
Date : 2012
DOI : 10.3109/09638288.2011.626487
Uncontrolled Keywords : Older people, Psychosocial, Review, Visual impairment, adaptive behavior, article, blindness, daily life activity, emotion, human, interview, meta analysis, psychological aspect, qualitative research, quality of life, satisfaction, self concept, Sickness Impact Profile, social adaptation, Activities of Daily Living, Adaptation, Psychological, Blindness, Emotions, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Personal Satisfaction, Qualitative Research, Quality of Life, Self Concept, Sickness Impact Profile, Social Adjustment
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:45
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 20:00

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