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Colistin and Fusidic Acid, a Novel Potent Synergistic Combination for Treatment of Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Infections

Phee, LM, Betts, JW, Bharathan, B and Wareham, DW (2015) Colistin and Fusidic Acid, a Novel Potent Synergistic Combination for Treatment of Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Infections Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 59 (8). pp. 4544-4550.

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Abstract

The spread of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) has led to the renaissance of colistin (COL), often the only agent to which MDRAB remains susceptible. Effective therapy with COL is beset with problems due to unpredictable pharmacokinetics, toxicity, and the rapid selection of resistance. Here, we describe a potent synergistic interaction when COL was combined with fusidic acid (FD) against A. baumannii. Synergy in vitro was assessed against 11 MDRAB isolates using disc diffusion, checkerboard methodology (fractional inhibitory concentration index [FICI] of ≤ 0.5, susceptibility breakpoint index [SBPI] of >2), and time-kill methodology (≥2 log10 CFU/ml reduction). The ability of FD to limit the emergence of COL resistance was assessed in the presence and absence of each drug alone and in combination. Synergy was demonstrated against all strains, with an average FICI and SBPI of 0.064 and 78.85, respectively. In time-kill assays, COL-FD was synergistic and rapidly bactericidal, including against COL-resistant strains. Fusidic acid prevented the emergence of COL resistance, which was readily selected with COL alone. This is the first description of a novel COL-FD regimen for the treatment of MDRAB. The combination was effective at low concentrations, which should be therapeutically achievable while limiting toxicity. Further studies are warranted to determine the mechanism underlying the interaction and the suitability of COL-FD as an unorthodox therapy for the treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Phee, LMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Betts, JWjono.betts@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Bharathan, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wareham, DWUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 18 May 2015
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00753-15
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:43
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:52
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/828977

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