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[Psychological characteristics of patients with infarction: results of the GISSI-2. Italian Group for the Study of Survival in Myocardial Infarction (GISSI)].

Labbrozzi, D, Carinci, F, Nicolucci, A, Bettinardi, O, Zotti, AM and Tognoni, G (1996) [Psychological characteristics of patients with infarction: results of the GISSI-2. Italian Group for the Study of Survival in Myocardial Infarction (GISSI)]. G Ital Cardiol, 26 (1). pp. 85-106.

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OBJECTIVE: To provide a thorough psychological examination of patients with documented myocardial infarction (MI) enrolled in a multicenter randomized clinical trial (GISSI-2). The psychosocial variables examined include: state variables (anxiety, health-related fears, depression), psychophysical well-being in the three months preceding the acute event (depressive mood, impaired sense of well-being, perceived stress) and trait variables (Type-A Behavior (TAB), neuroticism, introversion/extroversion, social anxiety and feelings of guilt in interpersonal relationships). POPULATION AND SETTING: A total of 2705 patients (12.5% females) admitted to 166 Italian Coronary Care Units. METHODS: Patients were administered the CBA-H, a standardized questionnaire with dichotomous responses (true/false), for a total of 152-item grouped into 16 scales. For each scale, the frequency of scores above cut-off values was computed and compared to patients' clinical and sociodemographic profile. RESULTS: Over one third of all patients scored above the clinical cut-off for anxiety and health-related fears, and 15% showed a depressive pattern. Forty percent of patients reported depressive mood and a diminished sense of well-being in the past three months preceding MI, and more than half perceived themselves as stressed. About one third of the sample overtly exhibited TAB traits and half reported neuroticism scores in the clinical range. One half of our sample could be identified as extrovert, and 14% as introverted. Feelings of guilt and social anxiety were registered respectively in 40% and 12% of the sample. A worse psychological profile was associated to female gender, older age, lower education, living alone and a worse cardiac asset. CONCLUSION: The study has documented the association between clinical, sociodemographic and psychological variables in a large sample of patients with IMA. While the impact of psychological variables upon patients' clinical outcome is to be evaluated, these data may be helpful in promoting the comprehensive and effective care of IMA patients.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Labbrozzi, D
Nicolucci, A
Bettinardi, O
Zotti, AM
Tognoni, G
Date : January 1996
Uncontrolled Keywords : Aged, Anxiety, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Depression, Female, Humans, Male, Myocardial Infarction, Neurotic Disorders, Personality, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires, Type A Personality
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:42
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 19:54

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