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Brachyspira pilosicoli-induced avian intestinal spirochaetosis.

Le Roy, CI, Mappley, LJ, La Ragione, RM, Woodward, MJ and Claus, SP (2015) Brachyspira pilosicoli-induced avian intestinal spirochaetosis. Microb Ecol Health Dis, 26.

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Abstract

Avian intestinal spirochaetosis (AIS) is a common disease occurring in poultry that can be caused by Brachyspira pilosicoli, a Gram-negative bacterium of the order Spirochaetes. During AIS, this opportunistic pathogen colonises the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract of poultry (principally, the ileum, caeca, and colon), which can cause symptoms such as diarrhoea, reduced growth rate, and reduced egg production and quality. Due to the large increase of bacterial resistance to antibiotic treatment, the European Union banned in 2006 the prophylactic use of antibiotics as growth promoters in livestock. Consequently, the number of outbreaks of AIS has dramatically increased in the UK resulting in significant economic losses. This review summarises the current knowledge about AIS infection caused by B. pilosicoli and discusses various treatments and prevention strategies to control AIS.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Le Roy, CIUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mappley, LJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
La Ragione, RMr.laragione@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Woodward, MJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Claus, SPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords : Brachyspira pilosicoli, microbiology, poultry
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:40
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:51
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/828753

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