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Low-level laser therapy improves bone formation: stereology findings for osteoporosis in rat model

Scalize, PH, de Sousa, LG, Regalo, SCH, Semprini, M, Pitol, DL, da Silva, GA, de Almeida Coelho, J, Coppi, AA, Laad, AABL, Prado, KFB and Siessere, S (2015) Low-level laser therapy improves bone formation: stereology findings for osteoporosis in rat model Lasers in Medical Science, 30 (5). pp. 1599-1607.

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Abstract

© 2015, Springer-Verlag London.Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) benefits bone metabolism, but its use needs to be standardized. We evaluated the effects of LLLT on bone defects in calvaria of ovariectomized rats. Stereology was used to calculate tissue repair volume (V<inf>tr</inf>), density of trabecular bone volume (Vv<inf>t</inf>), total volume of newly formed trabecular bone (Vtot), and the area occupied by collagen fibers (A<inf>C</inf>). Fifty-four Wistar rats were submitted to bilateral ovariectomy, and bone defects were created in calvaria after 150 days. The animals were divided into nine groups (n = 6), and 24 h after defects, the treatment started with a 780-nm low-intensity GaAlAs laser: G1, G2, and G3 received 3 sessions of 0, 20, and 30 J/cm<sup>2</sup> respectively; G4, G5, and G6 received 6 sessions of 0, 20, and 30 J/cm<sup>2</sup>, respectively; and G7, G8, and G9 received 12 sessions of 0, 20, and 30 J/cm<sup>2</sup>, respectively. A normal distribution was found for all of the data. The test used to verify the normality was the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS, p > 0.05). The one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s post hoc test was used for data processing. A difference of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Groups G2 and G1 showed significance for V<inf>tr</inf>, Vv<inf>t</inf>, Vtot, and (A<inf>C</inf>). Results were significant for (Vv<inf>t</inf>) and (Vtot) between G3 and G1. There were no significant results between G5 and G4 as well as between G8 and G7. Groups G6 and G4 results showed statistical difference for V<inf>tr</inf>, Vv<inf>t</inf>, Vtot, and (A<inf>C</inf>). Groups G9 and G7 showed significance for V<inf>tr</inf>, Vv<inf>t</inf>, Vtot, and (A<inf>C</inf>). In conclusion, there was new bone formation in the groups that received 20 and 30 J/cm<sup>2</sup> when compared to control groups, but over time, the dose of 30 J/cm<sup>2</sup> showed better stereological parameters when compared to 20 J/cm<sup>2</sup>.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Scalize, PHUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Sousa, LGUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Regalo, SCHUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Semprini, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pitol, DLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
da Silva, GAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Almeida Coelho, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Coppi, AAa.coppi@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Laad, AABLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Prado, KFBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Siessere, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 3 June 2015
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-015-1773-y
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:32
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:50
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/828237

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