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In vitro colonic catabolism of orange juice (poly)phenols

Pereira-Caro, G, Borges, G, Ky, I, Ribas, A, Calani, L, Del Rio, D, Clifford, MN, Roberts, SA and Crozier, A (2015) In vitro colonic catabolism of orange juice (poly)phenols Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 59 (3). pp. 465-475.

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Abstract

© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.Scope: The role of colonic microbiota in the breakdown of hesperetin, naringenin, and ferulic acid, compounds found as glycosides in orange juice, was investigated using an in vitro fermentation model. Methods and results: Test compounds were incubated with human fecal slurries cultured under anaerobic conditions, and the production of phenolic acid catabolites were monitored by GC-MS and HPLC-MS2. Hesperetin was converted to 3-(3′-hydroxy-4′-methoxyphenyl)propionic acid, 3-(3′,4′-dihydroxyphenyl)propionic acid, and 3-(3′-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid while 3-(phenyl)propionic acid was the major end product derived from naringenin. The data obtained are compared to our previously published data on urinary excretion of phenolic and aromatic acids after acute orange juice consumption (Pereira-Caro et al. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2014, 100, 1385-1391). Catabolism pathways are proposed for events occurring in the colon and those taking place postabsorption into the circulatory system with particular reference to the excretion of 3-(3′-hydroxy-4′-methoxyphenyl)hydracrylic acid, which is not formed in fecal incubations. Ferulic acid was also degraded by the colonic microflora being converted principally to 3-(3′-methoxy-4′-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid, a phenolic acid that appears in urine after orange juice consumption. Conclusion: The study provides novel information on the potential involvement of the colonic microbiota in the overall bioavailability of orange juice (poly)phenols through the production of phenylpropionic acids and subsequent hepatic conversions that lead to hippuric acid and its hydroxylated analogues.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Pereira-Caro, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Borges, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ky, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ribas, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Calani, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Del Rio, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Clifford, MNm.clifford@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Roberts, SAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Crozier, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 January 2015
Identification Number : 10.1002/mnfr.201400779
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:30
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:50
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/828060

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