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Interacting memory systems-does EEG alpha activity respond to semantic long-term memory access in a working memory task?

Berger, B, Omer, S, Minarik, T, Sterr, A and Sauseng, P (2014) Interacting memory systems-does EEG alpha activity respond to semantic long-term memory access in a working memory task? Biology (Basel), 4 (1). pp. 1-16.

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Abstract

Memory consists of various individual processes which form a dynamic system co-ordinated by central (executive) functions. The episodic buffer as direct interface between episodic long-term memory (LTM) and working memory (WM) is fairly well studied but such direct interaction is less clear in semantic LTM. Here, we designed a verbal delayed-match-to-sample task specifically to differentiate between pure information maintenance and mental manipulation of memory traces with and without involvement of access to semantic LTM. Task-related amplitude differences of electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillatory brain activity showed a linear increase in frontal-midline theta and linear suppression of parietal beta amplitudes relative to memory operation complexity. Amplitude suppression at upper alpha frequency, which was previously found to indicate access to semantic LTM, was only sensitive to mental manipulation in general, irrespective of LTM involvement. This suggests that suppression of upper EEG alpha activity might rather reflect unspecific distributed cortical activation during complex mental processes than accessing semantic LTM.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Berger, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Omer, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Minarik, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sterr, Aa.sterr@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Sauseng, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2014
Identification Number : 10.3390/biology4010001
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:27
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:49
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/827869

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