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Sodium transport systems in human chondrocytes. II. Expression of ENaC, Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter and Na+/H+ exchangers in healthy and arthritic chondrocytes.

Trujillo, E, Alvarez de la Rosa, D, Mobasheri, A, González, T, Canessa, CM and Martín-Vasallo, P (1999) Sodium transport systems in human chondrocytes. II. Expression of ENaC, Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter and Na+/H+ exchangers in healthy and arthritic chondrocytes. Histol Histopathol, 14 (4). pp. 1023-1031.

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Abstract

In this article, the second of two, we continue our studies of sodium-dependent transport systems in human cartilage from healthy individuals and with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We demonstrate the presence of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), previously undescribed in chondrocytes. This system is composed of three subunits, alpha, beta and gamma. We have shown that the human chondrocytes express at least the alpha and the beta subunit of ENaC. The expression of these subunits is altered in arthritic chondrocytes. In RA samples the quantity of alpha and beta is significantly higher than in control samples. On the other hand, ENaC alpha and beta subunits are absent in the chondrocytes of OA cartilage. Human chondrocytes also possess three isoforms of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE), NHE1, NHE2 and NHE3. The NHE system is composed of a single protein and is believed to participate in intracellular pH regulation. Furthermore, our studies indicate that at least one isoform of the electroneutral Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter (NKCC) is present in human chondrocytes. There are no obvious variations in the relative expression of NHE isoforms or NKCC between healthy and arthritic cartilage. Our data suggests that chondrocytes from arthritic cartilage may adapt to changes in their environmental sodium concentration through variations in ENaC protein levels. ENaC is also likely to serve as a major sodium entry mechanism, a process that, along with cytoskeletal proteins, may be part of mechanotransduction in cartilage.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Trujillo, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Alvarez de la Rosa, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mobasheri, Aa.mobasheri@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
González, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Canessa, CMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martín-Vasallo, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : October 1999
Uncontrolled Keywords : Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Carrier Proteins, Chondrocytes, Epithelial Sodium Channels, Humans, Osteoarthritis, Protein Isoforms, Sodium, Sodium Channels, Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter, Sodium-Potassium-Chloride Symporters
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:17
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:48
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/827149

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