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Structure and ultrastructure of the celiac-mesenteric ganglion complex in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris).

Ribeiro, AA, Elias, CF, Liberti, EA, Guidi, WDEL and de Souza, RR (2002) Structure and ultrastructure of the celiac-mesenteric ganglion complex in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Anat Histol Embryol, 31 (6). pp. 344-349.

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Abstract

A number of neurons of the autonomic nervous system are situated in the ganglia and can be systematically divided into pre-vertebrals, paravertebrals, intramural and para-viscerals. The celiac-mesenteric ganglion, an important pre-vertebral ganglion, is located together with the abdominal aorta and links the central nervous system to the peripheral system, participating in the coordination of peripheral reflexes and principally innervating the stomach, intestines, accessory glands (liver and pancreas). In addition, the celiac-mesenteric ganglion also contributes to the innervation of the spleen and has a role in gastrointestinal motility control. This study examined the structural and ultrastructural aspects of 40 celiac-mesenteric ganglia from domestic dogs. For light microscopy ganglia were included in paraplast and stained with haematoxylin-eosin, picrosirius, toluidine blue, Calleja's and Masson's trichrome. For examination by electron microscopy, the ganglia were submitted to cryofracture, enzyme digestion, hydrolysis and fixed in 5% glutaraldehyde in 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4). The celiac-mesenteric ganglion was observed as a ganglionic complex composed of various ganglionic units separated by types I and III collagen fibres, predominantly unmyelinated nerve fibres and continuous capillaries. This complex is surrounded by a double-layer capsule (internal and external). The principal ganglion cells had eccentric nuclei with two nucleoli, the nucleolemma was double and presented nuclear pores. In the cytoplasm there were vesicles of the Golgi apparatus, electron-dense vacuoles, mitochondrias, smooth and granulated endoplasmic reticulum and free ribosomes. In conclusion, this ganglionic complex, in contrast to similar structures in the enteric nervous system, presents separate ganglionic units in a systematic arrangement related to the extrinsic and specific innervation of the target organs.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ribeiro, AAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Elias, CFUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Liberti, EAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Guidi, WDELUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Souza, RRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : December 2002
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Dogs, Female, Ganglia, Sympathetic, Male, Mesentery, Microscopy, Electron, Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:15
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 10:15
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/827017

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