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Investigation of risk factors for porcine Taenia solium cysticercosis: a multiple regression analysis of a cross-sectional study in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.

Widdowson, MA, Cook, AJ, Williams, JJ, Argaes, F, Rodriguez, I, Dominguez, JL and Rodriguez, R (2000) Investigation of risk factors for porcine Taenia solium cysticercosis: a multiple regression analysis of a cross-sectional study in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 94 (6). pp. 620-624.

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Abstract

A cross-sectional survey for seropositivity to cysticercosis of pigs in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, was carried out in 1996 together with a standardized questionnaire on predetermined individual pig and household risk factors for porcine infection. Serum samples from 697 pigs were analysed by immunoblot for antibodies to Taenia solium cysticercosis and questionnaires from 227 households in 18 villages were collected. All the data were analysed using multivariate analytical techniques taking household clustering into account. The overall porcine seroprevalence in the area was found to be 29%. The most important risk factors for seropositivity in pigs were presence versus absence of a toilet (adjusted odds ratio [adj. OR] 2.37, P = 0.005), crowded households (adj. OR 1.75, P = 0.034) and both corralling (adj. OR 2.14, P = 0.017) and letting pigs loose (adj. OR 2.32, P = 0.035) versus tying them up. There was evidence of clustering at household level and that possible risk factors at municipal or village level may also interact with higher risk management practices such as allowing pigs to run loose.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Widdowson, MAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cook, AJalasdair.j.cook@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Williams, JJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Argaes, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rodriguez, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dominguez, JLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rodriguez, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : November 2000
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animal Husbandry, Animals, Cross-Sectional Studies, Cysticercosis, Family Characteristics, Mexico, Prevalence, Regression Analysis, Residence Characteristics, Risk Factors, Swine, Swine Diseases
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:14
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:48
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/827003

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