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New alternative methods to teach surgical techniques for veterinary medicine students despite the absence of living animals. Is that an academic paradox?

Silva, RM, Matera, JM and Ribeiro, AA (2007) New alternative methods to teach surgical techniques for veterinary medicine students despite the absence of living animals. Is that an academic paradox? Anat Histol Embryol, 36 (3). pp. 220-224.

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Due to a raised ethical mentality, veterinary schools are pursuing methods to preserve animal corpses used for surgical technique classes in an attempt to reduce the use of living animals for teaching. Generally speaking, animal and human bodies are usually preserved with 10% aqueous formalin solution especially for descriptive anatomy classes. Other possibilities include the use of glycerol, alcohol and phenol. At present, new fixatives have been developed to allow a better and longer preservation of animal corpses in order to maintain organoleptic characteristics, i.e. colour, texture, as close as possible to what students will deal with living animals. From 2004, in our college, surgical technique classes no longer use living animals for students' training. Instead, canine corpses chemically preserved with modified Larssen (MLS) and Laskowski (LS) solutions are preferred. The purpose of this study was to investigate comparatively the biological quality of preservation of these two solutions and to evaluate students' learning and acceptance of this new teaching method. Although these fixatives maintain body flexibility, LS solution failed to keep an ordinary tissue colouration (cadavers were intensely red) and tissue preservation was not adequate. By contrast, MLS solution, however, did not alter the colouration of cadavers which was fairly similar to that normally found in living animals. A remarkable characteristic was a very strong and unpleasant sugary odour in LS-preserved animals and therefore the MLS solution was the elected method to preserve cadavers for surgical technique classes. The students' feedback to the use of Larssen-preserved cadavers was very satisfactory, i.e. 96.6% of students were in favour of the use of cadavers for surgical training and on average 91.8% (2002-2003) of students preferred the MLS solution as the chemical preserver, whereas only 8.2% elected LS solution for teaching purposes. From the students' point of view (95.1%) the ideal class would be an initial training in MLS cadavers followed by classes with animals admitted to the Veterinary Hospital.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors : Silva, RM, Matera, JM and Ribeiro, AA
Date : June 2007
DOI : 10.1111/j.1439-0264.2007.00759.x
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Cadaver, Dogs, Education, Veterinary, Fixatives, Male, Surgery, Veterinary, Tissue Preservation
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:14
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 18:48

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