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Diabetes mellitus-related morphoquantitative changes in the celiac ganglion neurons of the dog.

Guidi, WL, Balieiro, JC, De Souza, RR, Loesch, A and Ribeiro, AA (2008) Diabetes mellitus-related morphoquantitative changes in the celiac ganglion neurons of the dog. Vet J, 177 (1). pp. 54-62.

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Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disturbance of domestic carnivores and can cause autonomic neurological disorders, although these are still poorly understood in veterinary medicine. There is little information available on the quantitative adaptation mechanisms of the sympathetic ganglia during diabetes mellitus in domestic mammals. By combining morphometric methods and NADPH-diaphorase staining (as a possible marker for nitric oxide producing neurons), type I diabetes mellitus-related morphoquantitative changes were investigated in the celiac ganglion neurons in dogs. Twelve left celiac ganglia from adult female German shepherd dogs were examined: six ganglia were from non-diabetic and six from diabetic subjects. Consistent hypertrophy of the ganglia was noted in diabetic animals with increase of 55% in length, 53% in width, and 61.5% in thickness. The ordinary microstructure of the ganglia was modified leading to an uneven distribution of the ganglionic units and a more evident distribution of axon fascicles. In contrast to non-diabetic dogs, there was a lack of NADPH-diaphorase perikarial labelling in the celiac ganglion neurons of diabetic animals. The morphometric study showed that both the neuronal and nuclear sizes were significantly larger in diabetic dogs (1.3 and 1.39 times, respectively). The profile density and area fraction of NADPH-diaphorase-reactive celiac ganglion neurons were significantly larger (1.35 and 1.48 times, respectively) in non-diabetic dogs compared to NADPH-diaphorase-non-reactive celiac ganglion neurons in diabetic dogs. Although this study suggests that diabetic neuropathy is associated with neuronal hypertrophy, controversy remains over the possibility of ongoing neuronal loss and the functional interrelationship between them. It is unclear whether neuronal hypertrophy could be a compensation mechanism for a putative neuronal loss during the diabetes mellitus.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
Guidi, WL
Balieiro, JC
De Souza, RR
Loesch, A
Ribeiro, AA
Date : July 2008
DOI : 10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.07.012
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Case-Control Studies, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Diabetic Neuropathies, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Female, Ganglia, Sympathetic, NADPH Dehydrogenase
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:14
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 10:14

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