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On some aspects of the thermodynamic of membrane recycling mediated by fluid phase endocytosis: evaluation of published data and perspectives.

Rauch, C, Pluen, A, Foster, N, Loughna, P, Mobasheri, A, Lagadic-Gossmann, D and Counillon, L (2010) On some aspects of the thermodynamic of membrane recycling mediated by fluid phase endocytosis: evaluation of published data and perspectives. Cell Biochem Biophys, 56 (2-3). pp. 73-90.

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The theoretical and experimental description of fluid phase endocytosis (FPE) requires an asymmetry in phospholipid number between the two leaflets of the cell membrane, which provides the biomechanical torque needed to generate membrane budding. Although the motor force behind FPE is defined, its kinetic has yet to be determined. Based on a body of evidences suggesting that the mean surface tension is unlikely to be involved in endocytosis we decided to determine whether the cytosolic hydrostatic pressure could be involved, by considering a constant energy exchanged between the cytosol and the cell membrane. The theory is compared to existing experimental data obtained from FPE kinetic studies in living cells where altered phospholipid asymmetry or changes in the extracellular osmotic pressure have been investigated. The model demonstrates that FPE is dependent on the influx and efflux of vesicular volumes (i.e. vesicular volumes recycling) rather than the membrane tension of cells. We conclude that: (i) a relationship exists between membrane lipid number asymmetry and resting cytosolic pressure and (ii) the validity of Laplace's law is limited to cells incubated in a definite hypotonic regime. Finally, we discuss how the model could help clarifying elusive observations obtained from different fields and including: (a) the non-canonical shuttling of aquaporin in cells, (b) the relationship between high blood pressure and inflammation and (c) the mechanosensitivity of the sodium/proton exchanger.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
Date : April 2010
Identification Number : 10.1007/s12013-009-9072-5
Uncontrolled Keywords : Cell Membrane, Coated Vesicles, Cytosol, Endocytosis, Energy Metabolism, Fluorescent Dyes, Kinetics, Models, Biological, Phospholipids, Pressure, Reproducibility of Results, Staining and Labeling, Thermodynamics
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:11
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:47

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