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SCG postnatal remodelling--hypertrophy and neuron number stability--in Spix's yellow-toothed cavies (Galea spixii).

Ladd, AA, Ladd, FV, da Silva, AA, Oliveira, MF, de Souza, RR and Coppi, AA (2012) SCG postnatal remodelling--hypertrophy and neuron number stability--in Spix's yellow-toothed cavies (Galea spixii). Int J Dev Neurosci, 30 (2). pp. 129-137.

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Abstract

Whilst a fall in neuron numbers seems a common pattern during postnatal development, several authors have nonetheless reported an increase in neuron number, which may be associated with any one of a number of possible processes encapsulating either neurogenesis or late maturation and incomplete differentiation. Recent publications have thus added further fuel to the notion that a postnatal neurogenesis may indeed exist in sympathetic ganglia. In the light of these uncertainties surrounding the effects exerted by postnatal development on the number of superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons, we have used state-of-the-art design-based stereology to investigate the quantitative structure of SCG at four distinct timepoints after birth, viz., 1-3 days, 1 month, 12 months and 36 months. The main effects exerted by ageing on the SCG structure were: (i) a 77% increase in ganglion volume; (ii) stability in the total number of the whole population of SCG nerve cells (no change--either increase or decrease) during post-natal development; (iii) a higher proportion of uninucleate neurons to binucleate neurons only in newborn animals; (iv) a 130% increase in the volume of uninucleate cell bodies; and (v) the presence of BrdU positive neurons in animals at all ages. At the time of writing our results support the idea that neurogenesis takes place in the SCG of preás, albeit it warrants confirmation by further markers. We also hypothesise that a portfolio of other mechanisms: cell repair, maturation, differentiation and death may be equally intertwined and implicated in the numerical stability of SCG neurons during postnatal development.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ladd, AAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ladd, FVUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
da Silva, AAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Oliveira, MFUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Souza, RRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Coppi, AAa.coppi@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : April 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2011.12.002
Uncontrolled Keywords : Aging, Animals, Cell Count, Hypertrophy, Male, Neurogenesis, Neuronal Plasticity, Neurons, Rodentia, Superior Cervical Ganglion
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:11
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:47
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/826749

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