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Equine grass sickness is associated with low antibody levels to Clostridium botulinum: a matched case-control study.

McCarthy, HE, French, NP, Edwards, GB, Poxton, IR, Kelly, DF, Payne-Johnson, CE, Miller, K and Proudman, CJ (2004) Equine grass sickness is associated with low antibody levels to Clostridium botulinum: a matched case-control study. Equine Vet J, 36 (2). pp. 123-129.

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Abstract

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Equine grass sickness is a high mortality disease which, despite many years of investigation, is of unknown aetiology. Recent findings indicating that the disease is associated with Clostridium botulinum require support from an epidemiological study that recognises and controls for potential confounders, e.g. age, time of year and premises. HYPOTHESIS: EGS is associated with low antibody levels to C. botulinum antigens. METHODS: A matched case-control study was conducted. Data were collected from 66 histologically confirmed cases of EGS and 132 premises-matched control horses. The probability of EGS in horses was modelled using conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: EGS was significantly associated (age-adjusted P < 0.005) with low antibody levels to each of 3 clostridial antigens; C. botulinum type C and C. novyi type A surface antigens and a C. botulinum type C toxin complex toxoid. These serological risk factors for EGS remained highly significant when entered into multivariable models. This study also identified new horse-level risk factors for EGS; feeding hay or haylage was associated with a decreased risk of disease, change of feed type or quantity during the 14 days prior to disease was associated with increased risk, and the use of an ivermectin anthelmintic at both the ultimate and penultimate treatments was also associated with a significantly increased risk of EGS. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides strong support for the role of C. botulinum in the aetiology of EGS and identifies managemental risk factors for the disease. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: Increasing anticlostridial antibody levels by vaccination and appropriate managemental interventions may decrease the risk of EGS occurring.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
McCarthy, HEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
French, NPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Edwards, GBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Poxton, IRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kelly, DFUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Payne-Johnson, CEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Miller, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Proudman, CJc.proudman@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : March 2004
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Antibodies, Bacterial, Antigens, Bacterial, Antigens, Surface, Autonomic Nervous System Diseases, Botulinum Toxins, Case-Control Studies, Clostridium botulinum, Female, Horse Diseases, Horses, Logistic Models, Male, Poaceae, Risk Factors, Vaccination
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:10
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:47
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/826682

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