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Distribution of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) in brains of livestock and domesticated species.

Díaz-San Segundo, F, Salguero, FJ, de Avila, A, Espinosa, JC, Torres, JM and Brun, A (2006) Distribution of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) in brains of livestock and domesticated species. Acta Neuropathol, 112 (5). pp. 587-595.

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Abstract

In transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) the prion protein (PrP) plays a central role in pathogenesis. The PrP gene (Prnp) has been described in a number of mammalian and avian species and its expression product, the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)), has been mapped in brains of different laboratory animals (rodent and non-human primates). However, mapping of PrP(C) expression in mammalian species suffering from natural (bovine and ovine) and experimental (swine) TSE or in species in which prion disease has never been reported (equine and canine) deserves further attention. Thus, localising the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) distribution in brain may be noteworthy for the understanding of prion disease pathogenesis since lesions seem to be restricted to particular brain areas. In the present work, we analysed the distribution of PrP(C) expression among several brain structures of the above species. Our results suggest that the expression of PrP(C), within the same species, differs depending on the brain structure studied, but no essential differences between the PrP(C) distribution patterns among the studied species could be established. Positive immunoreaction was found mainly in the neuropil and to a lesser extent in neuronal bodies which occasionally appeared strongly stained in discrete regions. Overall, the expression of PrP(C) in the brain was significantly higher in grey matter areas than in white matter, where accumulation of PrP(Sc) is first observed in prion diseases. Therefore, other factors besides the level of expression of cellular PrP may account for the pathogenesis of TSEs.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Díaz-San Segundo, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Salguero, FJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Avila, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Espinosa, JCUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Torres, JMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brun, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : November 2006
Identification Number : 10.1007/s00401-006-0133-1
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Animals, Domestic, Brain, Cattle, Dogs, Gene Expression Profiling, Horses, Periaqueductal Gray, PrPC Proteins, Prion Diseases, Sheep, Swine
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:08
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 10:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/826550

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