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Extensive hypovitaminosis D in partly veiled Saudi Arabian premenopausal and postmenopausal women: Influence on bone health

Khojah, SO, Khan, JA, Balamesh, KS, Berry, JL, Gibbs, M, Lanham-New, SA and Dehlawi, FMA (2013) Extensive hypovitaminosis D in partly veiled Saudi Arabian premenopausal and postmenopausal women: Influence on bone health Life Science Journal, 10 (4). pp. 3159-3166.

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Abstract

The link between vitamin D and bone health is well established. However, little is known about the bone health, vitamin D status, and lifestyle characteristics of women living in Saudi Arabia. To characterize: i) bone health indices; ii) vitamin D status; iii) potential influential of sunlight exposure and physical activity level. A total of 100 premenopausal aged 20-30 years and 112 postmenopausal aged 45-60 years were included. Bone mineral density was determined at the lumbar spine and femoral neck. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, intact parathyroid hormone, and ionized calcium and phosphorus were measured. The subjects interviewed about their physical activity levels and lifestyle. Using the WHO criteria, 37% of the premenopausal and 52% of the postmenopausal were osteopenic at the lumbar spine. Vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in Saudi women, with 98% of women being below the IOM recommended level of 50nmol/L. There was a significant correlation between duration of sunlight exposure (min/day) and axial BMD and calcaneal bone mass in partly veiled women. These data indicate that younger and older Saudi Arabian women had poor bone health and that their vitamin D status and lifestyle factors do not promote skeletal integrity. © 2013. Marsland Press, Zhengzhou University.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Khojah, SOUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Khan, JAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Balamesh, KSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Berry, JLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gibbs, Mm.gibbs@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Lanham-New, SAs.lanham-new@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Dehlawi, FMAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2013
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:05
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:47
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/826355

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