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IRES-Mediated Translation of Membrane Proteins and Glycoproteins in Eukaryotic Cell-Free Systems.

Brödel, AK, Sonnabend, A, Roberts, LO, Stech, M, Wüstenhagen, DA and Kubick, S (2013) IRES-Mediated Translation of Membrane Proteins and Glycoproteins in Eukaryotic Cell-Free Systems. PLoS One, 8 (12).

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Abstract

Internal ribosome entry site (IRES) elements found in the 5' untranslated region of mRNAs enable translation initiation in a cap-independent manner, thereby representing an alternative to cap-dependent translation in cell-free protein expression systems. However, IRES function is largely species-dependent so their utility in cell-free systems from different species is rather limited. A promising approach to overcome these limitations would be the use of IRESs that are able to recruit components of the translation initiation apparatus from diverse origins. Here, we present a solution to this technical problem and describe the ability of a number of viral IRESs to direct efficient protein expression in different eukaryotic cell-free expression systems. The IRES from the intergenic region (IGR) of the Cricket paralysis virus (CrPV) genome was shown to function efficiently in four different cell-free systems based on lysates derived from cultured Sf21, CHO and K562 cells as well as wheat germ. Our results suggest that the CrPV IGR IRES-based expression vector is universally applicable for a broad range of eukaryotic cell lysates. Sf21, CHO and K562 cell-free expression systems are particularly promising platforms for the production of glycoproteins and membrane proteins since they contain endogenous microsomes that facilitate the incorporation of membrane-spanning proteins and the formation of post-translational modifications. We demonstrate the use of the CrPV IGR IRES-based expression vector for the enhanced synthesis of various target proteins including the glycoprotein erythropoietin and the membrane proteins heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor receptor as well as epidermal growth factor receptor in the above mentioned eukaryotic cell-free systems. CrPV IGR IRES-mediated translation will facilitate the development of novel eukaryotic cell-free expression platforms as well as the high-yield synthesis of desired proteins in already established systems.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Brödel, AKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sonnabend, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Roberts, LOl.roberts@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Stech, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wüstenhagen, DAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kubick, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2013
Identification Number : 10.1371/journal.pone.0082234
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:04
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 10:04
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/826271

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