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Response demands and the recruitment of heuristic strategies in syllogistic reasoning.

Reverberi, C, Rusconi, P, Paulesu, E and Cherubini, P (2009) Response demands and the recruitment of heuristic strategies in syllogistic reasoning. Q J Exp Psychol (Hove), 62 (3). pp. 513-530.

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Abstract

Two experiments investigated whether dealing with a homogeneous subset of syllogisms with time-constrained responses encouraged participants to develop and use heuristics for abstract (Experiment 1) and thematic (Experiment 2) syllogisms. An atmosphere-based heuristic accounted for most responses with both abstract and thematic syllogisms. With thematic syllogisms, a weaker effect of a belief heuristic was also observed, mainly where the correct response was inconsistent with the atmosphere of the premises. Analytic processes appear to have played little role in the time-constrained condition, whereas their involvement increased in a self-paced, unconstrained condition. From a dual-process perspective, the results further specify how task demands affect the recruitment of heuristic and analytic systems of reasoning. Because the syllogisms and experimental procedure were the same as those used in a previous neuroimaging study by Goel, Buchel, Frith, and Dolan (2000), the result also deepen our understanding of the cognitive processes investigated by that study.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Reverberi, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rusconi, Pp.rusconi@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Paulesu, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cherubini, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : March 2009
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1080/17470210801995010
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adult, Analysis of Variance, Bias (Epidemiology), Cognition, Concept Formation, Decision Making, Female, Humans, Knowledge of Results (Psychology), Logic, Male, Reaction Time, Reading, Young Adult
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:01
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:46
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/826053

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