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Persistence of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy infectious agent in sewage

Maluquer de Motes, C, Espinosa, JC, Esteban, A, Calvo, M, Girones, R and Torres, JM (2012) Persistence of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy infectious agent in sewage Environ Res, 117. pp. 1-7.

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Abstract

Horizontal transmission of prion diseases through the environment represents a considerable concern. Prions are extremely resistant to inactivation and are thought to enter the environment after burial of animal mortalities or through biosolids from wastewater treatment plants. In addition, deposition of prions in the environment through biological fluids and/or faeces has been proved in the last years. Little is known about the behaviour of prion infectivity in the environment. In this study, the persistence of BSE infectious agent in sewage has been assessed by both PrP(Res) immunoblotting and mouse bioassay in a long-term incubation study. Results indicated that no PrP(Res) was detected after 150 day of incubation and consistent with this, a statistical regression model estimated 2-logs decay in 151 day. In contrast, no reduction in infectivity was observed during this period. Similarly, BSE infectivity remained unaltered after incubation in PBS for 265 day, whereas PrP(Res) levels dropped progressively over the length of the study. These results indicate that in sewage and PBS, prion infectivity persists longer and with different dynamics than its commonly used marker PrP(Res). Thus, mathematical models computed on the basis of PrP(Res) detection were unable to predict inactivation of prion infectivity. It is also reasonable to assume that conventional wastewater treatments with low retention times could have a very limited impact on prion infectivity. This data is essential for the development of accurate risk assessment analysis for BSE and other prion diseases in the environment.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Maluquer de Motes, Cc.maluquerdemotes@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Espinosa, JCUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Esteban, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Calvo, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Girones, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Torres, JMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : August 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2012.06.010
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Biological Assay, Cattle, Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform, Immunoblotting, Mice, Models, Biological, Prions, Regression Analysis, Risk Assessment, Sewage, Spain, Time Factors
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:01
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:46
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/826041

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