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Does singlet oxygen activate cell death in Arabidopsis cell suspension cultures?: analysis of the early transcriptional defense responses to high light stress.

Gutiérrez, J, González-Pérez, S, García-García, F, Lorenzo, Ó and Arellano, JB (2011) Does singlet oxygen activate cell death in Arabidopsis cell suspension cultures?: analysis of the early transcriptional defense responses to high light stress. Plant Signal Behav, 6 (12). pp. 1937-1942.

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Abstract

Can Arabidopsis cell suspension cultures (ACSC) provide a useful working model to investigate genetically-controlled defense responses with signaling cascades starting in chloroplasts? In order to provide a convincing answer, we analyzed the early transcriptional profile of Arabidopsis cells at high light (HL). The results showed that ACSC respond to HL in a manner that resembles the singlet oxygen ((1)O(2))-mediated defense responses described for the conditional fluorescent (flu) mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana. The flu mutant is characterized by the accumulation of free protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) in plastids when put into darkness and the subsequent production of (1)O(2) when the light is on. In ACSC, (1)O(2) is produced in chloroplasts at HL when excess excitation energy flows into photosystem II (PSII). Other reactive oxygen species are also produced in ACSC at HL, but to a lesser extent. When the HL stress ceases, ACSC recovers the initial rate of oxygen evolution and cell growth continues. We can conclude that chloroplasts of ACSC are both photosynthetically active and capable of initiating (1)O(2)-mediated signaling cascades that activate a broad range of genetically-controlled defense responses. The upregulation of transcripts associated with the biosynthesis and signaling pathways of OPDA (12-oxophytodienoic acid) and ethylene (ET) suggests that the activated defense responses at HL are governed by these two hormones. In contrast to the flu mutant, the (1)O(2)-mediated defense responses were independent of the upregulation of EDS1 (enhanced disease susceptibility) required for the accumulation of salicylic acid (SA) and genetically-controlled cell death. Interestingly, a high correlation in transcriptional expression was also observed between ACSC at HL, and the aba1 and max4 mutants of Arabidopsis, characterized by defects in the biosynthesis pathways of abscisic acid (ABA) and strigolactones, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Gutiérrez, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
González-Pérez, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
García-García, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lorenzo, ÓUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Arellano, JBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : December 2011
Uncontrolled Keywords : Arabidopsis, Cell Death, Cells, Cultured, Cyclopentanes, Ethylenes, Gene Expression Regulation, Plant, Light, Oxylipins, Plant Cells, Salicylic Acid, Signal Transduction, Singlet Oxygen, Stress, Physiological, Thylakoids, Transcriptome
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 10:00
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 10:00
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/826021

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