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Information processing and insight: a process model of performance on the nine-dot and related problems.

MacGregor, JN, Ormerod, TC and Chronicle, EP (2001) Information processing and insight: a process model of performance on the nine-dot and related problems. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn, 27 (1). pp. 176-201.

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Abstract

The 9-dot problem is widely regarded as a difficult insight problem. The authors present a detailed information-processing model to explain its difficulty, based on maximization and progress-monitoring heuristics with lookahead. In Experiments 1 and 2, the model predicted performance for the 9-dot and related problems. Experiment 3 supported an extension of the model that accounts for insightful moves. Experiments 4 and 5 provided a critical test of model predictions versus those of previous accounts. On the basis of these findings, the authors claim that insight problem solving can be modeled within a means-ends analysis framework. Maximization and progress-monitoring heuristics are the source of problem difficulty, but also create the conditions necessary for insightful moves to be sought. Furthermore, they promote the discovery and retention of promising states that meet the progress-monitoring criterion and attenuate the problem space.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
MacGregor, JNUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ormerod, TCt.ormerod@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Chronicle, EPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : January 2001
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adult, Cognition, Female, Humans, Male, Models, Psychological, Perceptual Closure, Problem Solving, Set (Psychology), Visual Perception
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:58
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:46
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/825857

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