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Feline orofacial pain syndrome (FOPS): a retrospective study of 113 cases.

Rusbridge, C, Heath, S, Gunn-Moore, DA, Knowler, SP, Johnston, N and McFadyen, AK (2010) Feline orofacial pain syndrome (FOPS): a retrospective study of 113 cases. J Feline Med Surg, 12 (6). pp. 498-508.

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Abstract

Feline orofacial pain syndrome (FOPS) is a pain disorder of cats with behavioural signs of oral discomfort and tongue mutilation. This report describes the findings from a case series of 113 cats including 100 Burmese. FOPS is suspected to be a neuropathic pain disorder and the predominance within the Burmese cat breed suggests an inherited disorder, possibly involving central and/or ganglion processing of sensory trigeminal information. The disease is characterised by an episodic, typically unilateral, discomfort with pain-free intervals. The discomfort is triggered, in many cases, by mouth movements. The disease is often recurrent and with time may become unremitting - 12% of cases in this series were euthanased as a consequence of the condition. Sensitisation of trigeminal nerve endings as a consequence of oral disease or tooth eruption appears to be an important factor in the aetiology - 63% of cases had a history of oral lesions and at least 16% experienced their first sign of discomfort during eruption of permanent teeth. External factors can also influence the disease as FOPS events could be directly linked to a situation causing anxiety in 20% of cats. FOPS can be resistant to traditional analgesics and in some cases successful management required anti-convulsants with an analgesic effect.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Rusbridge, Cc.rusbridge@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Heath, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gunn-Moore, DAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Knowler, SPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Johnston, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McFadyen, AKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : June 2010
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.jfms.2010.03.005
Uncontrolled Keywords : Analgesics, Animals, Cat Diseases, Cats, Facial Neuralgia, Female, Male, Mouth, Mouth Diseases, Pedigree, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:54
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:45
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/825561

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