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Questionnaire-based behaviour analysis of Cavalier King Charles spaniels with neuropathic pain due to Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia.

Rutherford, L, Wessmann, A, Rusbridge, C, McGonnell, IM, Abeyesinghe, S, Burn, C and Volk, HA (2012) Questionnaire-based behaviour analysis of Cavalier King Charles spaniels with neuropathic pain due to Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia. Vet J, 194 (3). pp. 294-298.

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Abstract

Chiari-like malformation (CM)/syringomyelia (SM) is a disease complex recognised in Cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCSs) that can lead to neuropathic pain (NeP). In humans, NeP is associated with anxiety, depression and reduced quality of life (QoL). In this study, databases of three specialist veterinary centres were searched and CKCS breed societies and health forums were contacted to identify CKCS with an imaging diagnosis of CM/SM. Owners completed questionnaires on behaviour, signalment, general health status, NeP and QoL. Data were analysed from 122 dogs out of 564 questionnaires completed, after incomplete questionnaires and data from dogs that had other potentially debilitating disease processes were excluded. NeP severity score was significantly and positively correlated with 'stranger-directed' fear (r(S)=0.28), non-social fear (r(S)=0.34), 'separation-related' behaviour (r(S)=0.38), attachment behaviour (r(S)=0.24), excitability (r(S)=0.21) and proxy for pain sensation (r(S)=0.29). Increased NeP was also significantly associated with decreased QoL (r(S)=0.47), ability to settle (r(S)=0.26) and willingness to exercise (r(S)=0.50). Severity of NeP was positively associated with certain fear-associated behaviour and with decreased owner-perceived QoL. Thus, neurobehavioural changes should be considered in the management of NeP in CKCS with CM/SM.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Rutherford, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wessmann, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rusbridge, Cc.rusbridge@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
McGonnell, IMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Abeyesinghe, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Burn, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Volk, HAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : December 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2012.05.018
Uncontrolled Keywords : Animals, Arnold-Chiari Malformation, Behavior, Animal, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Europe, Female, Male, Neuralgia, North America, Quality of Life, Species Specificity, Surveys and Questionnaires, Syringomyelia
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:53
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:45
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/825550

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