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Epidemiology of selenium and type2 diabetes: Can we make sense of it?

Rayman, MP and Stranges, S (2013) Epidemiology of selenium and type2 diabetes: Can we make sense of it? Free Radic Biol Med.

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Abstract

The potential of some selenoproteins to protect against oxidative stress led to the expectation that selenium would be protective against type2 diabetes, and indeed in early in vivo and in vitro studies, selenium (as selenate) was shown to have antidiabetic and insulin-mimetic effects. However, more recently, findings from observational cross-sectional studies have raised concern that high selenium exposure may be associated with type2 diabetes or insulin resistance, at least in well-nourished populations, though trial results have been inconsistent. Moreover, the largest trials that investigated the effects of selenium supplementation on diabetes endpoints have had cancer prevention as their primary outcome, casting doubt on the interpretation of posthoc analyses. Factors affecting serum/plasma selenium are not just location and level of disease-associated inflammation but the fact that higher concentrations of plasma selenoprotein P yet lower glutathione peroxidase are found in type2 diabetes compared to normal subjects. From a public health perspective, selenium is marketed as a dietary supplement and is commonly added to multivitamin/mineral preparations that are consumed in many Western countries. Based on current evidence, however, the indiscriminate use of selenium supplements in individuals and populations with adequate-to-high selenium status cannot be justified and may increase risk. In conclusion, although there is a clear link between certain selenoproteins and glucose metabolism or insulin resistance, the relationship between selenium and type2 diabetes is undoubtedly complex. It is possible that the relationship is U-shaped, with possible harm occurring both below and above the physiological range for optimal activity of some or all selenoproteins.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Rayman, MPm.rayman@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Stranges, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 16 April 2013
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.04.003
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:52
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:45
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/825446

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