University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Persistent high job demands and reactivity to mental stress predict future ambulatory blood pressure.

Steptoe, A and Cropley, M (2000) Persistent high job demands and reactivity to mental stress predict future ambulatory blood pressure. J Hypertens, 18 (5). pp. 581-586.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that work stress (persistent high job demands over 1 year) in combination with high reactivity to mental stress predict ambulatory blood pressure. DESIGN: Assessment of cardiovascular responses to standardized behavioural tasks, job demands, and ambulatory blood pressure over a working day and evening after 12 months. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 81 school teachers (26 men, 55 women), 36 of whom experienced persistent high job demands over 1 year, while 45 reported lower job demands. METHODS: Participants were divided on the basis of high and low job demands, and high and low systolic pressure reactions to an uncontrollable stress task. Blood pressure and concurrent physical activity were monitored using ambulatory apparatus from 0900 to 2230 h on a working day. RESULTS: Cardiovascular stress reactivity was associated with waist/hip ratio. Systolic and diastolic pressure during the working day were greater in high job demand participants who were stress reactive than in other groups, after adjustment for age, baseline blood pressure, body mass index and negative affectivity. The difference was not accounted for by variations in physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiovascular stress reactivity and sustained psychosocial stress may act in concert to increase cardiovascular risk in susceptible individuals.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Steptoe, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cropley, Mmark.cropley@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : May 2000
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adult, Blood Pressure, Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory, Female, Humans, Hypertension, Male, Models, Psychological, Risk Factors, Stress, Psychological, Teaching, Work
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:50
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:45
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/825313

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800