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A novel steroidal saponin glycoside from Fagonia indica induces cell-selective apoptosis or necrosis in cancer cells.

Waheed, A, Barker, J, Barton, SJ, Owen, CP, Ahmed, S and Carew, MA (2012) A novel steroidal saponin glycoside from Fagonia indica induces cell-selective apoptosis or necrosis in cancer cells. Eur J Pharm Sci, 47 (2). pp. 464-473.

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Abstract

Fagonia indica is a small spiny shrub of great ethnopharmacological importance in folk medicine. The aqueous decoction of aerial parts is a popular remedy against various skin lesions, including cancer. We used a biological activity-guided fractionation approach to isolate the most potent fraction of the crude extract on three cancer cell lines: MCF-7 oestrogen-dependent breast cancer, MDA-MB-468 oestrogen-independent breast cancer, and Caco-2 colon cancer cells. A series of chromatographic and spectroscopic procedures were utilised on the EtOAc fraction, which resulted in the isolation of a new steroidal saponin glycoside. The cytotoxic activity of the saponin glycoside was determined in cancer cells using the MTT and neutral red uptake assays. After 24h treatment, the observed IC(50) values of the saponin glycoside were 12.5 μM on MDA-MB-468 and Caco-2 cells, but 100 μM on MCF-7 cells. Several lines of evidence: PARP cleavage, caspase-3 cleavage, DNA ladder assays, and reversal of growth inhibition with the pan-caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk, suggested stimulation of apoptosis in MDA-MB-468 and Caco-2 cells, but not in MCF-7 cells, which do not express caspase-3. The haemolytic activity of the saponin glycoside was confirmed in sheep red blood cells, with cell lysis observed at >100 μM, suggesting that, at this concentration, the saponin glycoside caused necrosis through cell lysis in MCF-7 cells. Using the DNA ladder assay, the saponin glycoside (12.5 μM) was not toxic to HUVEC (human umbilical vein endothelial cells) or U937 cells, indicating some selectivity between malignant and normal cells. We conclude that the steroidal saponin glycoside isolated from F. indica is able to induce apoptosis or necrosis in cancer cells depending on the cell type.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Waheed, Aa.waheed@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Barker, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Barton, SJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Owen, CPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ahmed, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Carew, MAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 29 September 2012
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.ejps.2012.07.004
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:47
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/825145

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