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How and why do patients with Type 1 diabetes sustain their use of flexible intensive insulin therapy? A qualitative longitudinal investigation of patients' self-management practices following attendance at a Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating (DAFNE) course.

Rankin, D, Cooke, DD, Clark, M, Heller, S, Elliott, J, Lawton, J and UK NIHR DAFNE Study Group, (2011) How and why do patients with Type 1 diabetes sustain their use of flexible intensive insulin therapy? A qualitative longitudinal investigation of patients' self-management practices following attendance at a Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating (DAFNE) course. Diabet Med, 28 (5). pp. 532-538.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Conventional insulin therapy requires patients with Type 1 diabetes to adhere to rigid dietary and insulin injection practices. Recent trends towards flexible intensive insulin therapy enable patients to match insulin to dietary intake and lifestyle; however, little work has examined patients' experiences of incorporating these practices into real-life contexts. This qualitative longitudinal study explored patients' experiences of using flexible intensive insulin therapy to help inform the development of effective long-term support. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 adult patients with Type 1 diabetes following participation in a structured education programme on using flexible intensive insulin therapy, and 6 and 12 months post-course. Longitudinal data analysis used an inductive, thematic approach. RESULTS: Patients consistently reported feeling committed to and wanting to sustain flexible intensive insulin therapy. This regimen was seen as a logical and effective method of self-management, as patients experienced improved blood glucose readings and/or reported feeling better. Implementing and sustaining flexible intensive insulin therapy was enhanced when patients had stable routines, with more challenges reported by those working irregular hours and during weekends/holidays. Some patients re-crafted their lives to make this approach work for them; for instance, by creating dietary routines or adjusting dietary choices. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical data have shown that flexible intensive insulin therapy can lead to improvement in glycaemic control. This study, drawing on patients' perspectives, provides further endorsement for flexible intensive insulin therapy by demonstrating patients' liking of, and their motivation to sustain, this approach over time. To help patients implement and sustain flexible intensive insulin therapy, follow-up support should encourage them to identify routines to better integrate this regimen into their lives.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Rankin, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cooke, DDd.cooke@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Clark, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Heller, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Elliott, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lawton, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
UK NIHR DAFNE Study Group, UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : May 2011
Identification Number : 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2011.03243.x
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Diet, Female, Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated, Humans, Hypoglycemic Agents, Insulin, Life Style, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Education as Topic, Self Care, Young Adult
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:46
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/825072

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