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Se-methylselenocysteine alters collagen gene and protein expression in human prostate cells.

Hurst, R, Elliott, RM, Goldson, AJ and Fairweather-Tait, SJ (2008) Se-methylselenocysteine alters collagen gene and protein expression in human prostate cells. Cancer Lett, 269 (1). pp. 117-126.

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The anti-cancer activity of selenium is dose-dependent and species-specific but the mechanism is unclear. Se-methylselenocysteine (MSC), found in selenium-enriched alliums, is one of the most potent forms. We exposed two human prostate cell lines (LNCaP clone FGC and PNT1A) to nutritionally relevant doses of MSC and selenite, ranging from deficient to the equivalent of selenium supplementation in humans. The cells were adapted for one month to attain steady-state selenium status. Two microarray platforms, an in-house printed microarray (14,000 genes) and the Affymetrix U133A array (22,000 genes) were used to probe the molecular effects of selenium dose and form and several selenium-responsive genes were identified, many of which have been ascribed to cancer cell growth and progression. In response to MSC supplementation, the expression of 23 genes changed significantly, including several collagen genes. Quantitative RT-PCR assays were designed and optimized for four of the collagen genes to validate array data. Significant decreases in expression of collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1), COL1A2 and COL7A1 genes were observed in cells adapted to MSC supplementation compared to the control and selenite exposed cells. There were significant increases in genes encoding other types of collagen, including significant increases in COL6A1 and COL4A5 in response to MSC dose. Functional changes in collagen type I protein expression in response to MSC were confirmed by ELISA. This study reveals for the first time that MSC can alter the expression of several types of collagen and thus potentially modulate the extracellular matrix and stroma, which may at least partially explain the anti-cancer activity of MSC.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Hurst, R
Goldson, AJ
Fairweather-Tait, SJ
Date : 28 September 2008
DOI : 10.1016/j.canlet.2008.04.025
Uncontrolled Keywords : Cell Line, Tumor, Collagen, Collagen Type I, Collagen Type IV, Collagen Type VI, Collagen Type VII, Cysteine, Gene Expression, Humans, Male, Organoselenium Compounds, Prostate, RNA, Messenger, Sodium Selenite
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:33
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 17:09

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