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Concurrent sexual partnerships and HIV prevalence in five urban communities of sub-Saharan Africa

Lagarde, E, Auvert, B, Carael, M, Laourou, M, Ferry, B, Akam, E, Sukwa, T, Morison, L, Maury, B, Chege, J , N'Doye, I and Buve, A (2001) Concurrent sexual partnerships and HIV prevalence in five urban communities of sub-Saharan Africa AIDS, 15 (7). pp. 877-884.

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Abstract

Objective: To estimate parameters of concurrent sexual partnerships in five urban populations in sub-Saharan Africa and to assess their association with levels of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections (STI).

Methods: Data were obtained from a multicentre study of factors which determine the differences in rate of spread of HIV in five African cities. Consenting participants were interviewed on sexual behaviour and at four of the five sites also provided a blood and a urine sample for testing for HIV and other STI. Data on sexual behaviour included the number of partnerships in the 12 months preceding the interview as well as the dates of the start and end of each partnership. Summary indices of concurrent sexual partnerships - some of which were taken from the literature, while others were newly developed - were computed for each city and compared to HIV and STI prevalence rates.

Results: A total of 1819 adults aged 15-49 years were interviewed in Dakar (Senegal), 2116 in Cotonou (Benin), 2089 in Yaounde (Cameroon), 1889 in Kisumu (Kenya) and 1730 in Ndola (Zambia). Prevalence rates of HIV infection were 3.4% for Cotonou, 5.9% for Yaounde, 25.9% for Kisumu and 28.4% for Ndola, and around 1% for Dakar. The estimated fraction of sexual partnerships that were concurrent at the time of interview (index k) was relatively high in Yaounde (0.98), intermediate in Kisumu (0.44) and Cotonou (0.33) and low in Ndola (0.26) and in Dakar (0.18). An individual indicator of concurrency (iic) was developed which depends neither on the number of partners nor on the length of the partnerships and estimates the individual propensity to keep (positive values) or to dissolve (negative values) on-going partnership before engaging in another one. This measure iic did not discriminate between cities with high HIV infection levels and cities with low HIV infection levels. In addition, iic did not differ significantly between HIV-infected and uninfected people in the four cities where data on HIV status were collected.

Conclusion: We could not find evidence that concurrent sexual partnerships were a major determinant of the rate of spread of HIV in five cities in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV epidemics are the result of many factors, behavioural as well as biological, of which concurrent sexual partnerships are only one.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Lagarde, E
Auvert, B
Carael, M
Laourou, M
Ferry, B
Akam, E
Sukwa, T
Morison, Ll.morison@surrey.ac.uk
Maury, B
Chege, J
N'Doye, I
Buve, A
Date : 4 May 2001
DOI : 10.1097/00002030-200105040-00008
Uncontrolled Keywords : Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Immunology, Infectious Diseases, Virology, IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASES, VIROLOGY, concurrency, HIV, networks, sexual behaviour, transmission, Africa, INFECTIOUS-DISEASE, SPREAD, EPIDEMIOLOGY, PREVENTION, NETWORKS, DYNAMICS, AIDS
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 09:26
Last Modified : 25 Oct 2018 15:02
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/823676

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