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Which tourism rules? Green standards and GATS

Bendell, J and Font, X (2004) Which tourism rules? Green standards and GATS Annals of Tourism Research, 31 (1). pp. 139-156.

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Programs to certify "green" or sustainable tourism standards are rapidly growing, and it is possible that certification might change in function and effect from awarding excellence to becoming de facto requirements to trade. Because certification often relies on governmental support, it could be perceived as an anti-competitive barrier to trade in the context of international practice such as the General Agreement on Trade in Services, which could reduce the appeal of standards as a self-regulatory method. This paper provides a pro-sustainability standards reading of the agreement and related World Trade Organization documents to discuss what policies and practices might be criticized as trade-restrictive and provides arguments against such criticisms. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Bendell, J
Date : 1 January 2004
DOI : 10.1016/j.annals.2003.10.001
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 16 May 2017 15:37
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 15:05

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