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The Effect of Response Style on Self-Reported Conscientiousness Across 20 Countries

Mottus, R, Allik, J, Realo, A, Rossier, J, Zecca, G, Ah-Kion, J, Amoussou-Yeye, D, Backstrom, M, Barkauskiene, R, Barry, O , Bhowon, U, Bjorklund, F, Bochaver, A, Bochaver, K, de Bruin, G, Cabrera, HF, Chen, SX, Church, AT, Cisse, DD, Dahourou, D, Feng, X, Guan, Y, Hwang, H, Idris, F, Katigbak, MS, Kuppens, P, Kwiatkowska, A, Laurinavicius, A, Mastor, KA, Matsumoto, D, Riemann, R, Schug, J, Simpson, B, Tseung-Wong, CN and Johnson, W (2012) The Effect of Response Style on Self-Reported Conscientiousness Across 20 Countries Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38. pp. 1423-1436.

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Abstract

Rankings of countries on mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness continue to puzzle researchers. Based on the hypothesis that cross-cultural differences in the tendency to prefer extreme response categories of ordinal rating scales over moderate categories can influence the comparability of self-reports, this study investigated possible effects of response style on the mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness in 22 samples from 20 countries. Extreme and neutral responding were estimated based on respondents' ratings of 30 hypothetical people described in short vignettes. In the vignette ratings, clear cross-sample differences in extreme and neutral responding emerged. These responding style differences were correlated with mean self-reported Conscientiousness scores. Correcting self-reports for extreme and neutral responding changed sample rankings of Conscientiousness, as well as the predictive validities of these rankings for external criteria. The findings suggest that the puzzling country rankings of self-reported Conscientiousness may to some extent result from differences in response styles.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Mottus, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Allik, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Realo, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rossier, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zecca, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ah-Kion, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Amoussou-Yeye, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Backstrom, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Barkauskiene, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Barry, OUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bhowon, UUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bjorklund, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bochaver, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bochaver, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Bruin, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cabrera, HFUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chen, SXUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Church, ATUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cisse, DDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dahourou, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Feng, XUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Guan, Yy.guan@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Hwang, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Idris, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Katigbak, MSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kuppens, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kwiatkowska, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Laurinavicius, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mastor, KAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Matsumoto, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Riemann, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schug, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Simpson, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tseung-Wong, CNUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Johnson, WUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2012
Identification Number : 10.1177/0146167212451275
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 16 May 2017 15:30
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:36
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/820155

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