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Current contraceptive use in India: Has the role of women's education been overemphasised?

Pal, S and Makepeace, G (2003) Current contraceptive use in India: Has the role of women's education been overemphasised? European Journal of Development Research, 15 (1). pp. 149-169.

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Using the recent Indian National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data, this article analyses the factors determining the current contraceptive use in rural and urban West Bengal in eastern India. A bivariate probit model with selection is used to determine the likelihood of not being sterilised and that of currently using some traditional or modern reversible method of contraception among non-sterilised women. Our results suggest that male and female sterilisation is a popular method among the poorer couples with little assets, poor education and more living children. More literate women are, however, more likely to use various reversible methods of contraception though the effect of husband's education remains insignificant. Relative to women's education or various household assets, the effect of belonging to an upper caste household is more pronounced on the current use of contraception, especially among rural women. Simulations of the effect of eliminating illiteracy suggest that the quantititive significance of education is small despite its robust statistical significance. Thus there is limited effect of household assets and women's education on current use of contraception in our sample.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Makepeace, G
Date : 1 June 2003
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 16 May 2017 15:11
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 14:03

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