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Influence of supplementary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids on the antisocial behaviour of young adult prisoners - Randomised, placebo-controlled trial

Gesch, CB, Hammond, SM, Hampson, SE, Eves, A and Crowder, MJ (2002) Influence of supplementary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids on the antisocial behaviour of young adult prisoners - Randomised, placebo-controlled trial British Journal of Psychiatry, 181. pp. 22-28.

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Abstract

Background There is evidence that offenders consume diets lacking in essential nutrients and this could adversely affect their behaviour. Aims To test empirically if physiologically adequate intakes of vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids cause a reduction in antisocial behaviour. Method Experimental, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial of nutritional supplements on 231 young adult prisoners, comparing disciplinary offences before and during supplementation. Results Compared with placebos, those receiving the active capsules committed an average of 26.3% (95% CI 8.3-44.33%) fewer offences (P=0.03, two-tailed). Compared to baseline, the effect on those taking active supplements for a minimum of 2 weeks (n=172) was an average 35.1% (95% CI 16.3-53.9%) reduction of offences (P < 0.001, two-tailed), whereas placebos remained within standard error. Conclusions Antisocial behaviour in prisons, including violence, are reduced by vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids with similar implications for those eating poor diets in the community Declaration of interest The research was supported by a grant from the research charity Natural justice (see Acknowledgements) and managed from the University of Surrey Scotia Pharmaceuticals Ltd and Unigreg Ltd supplied nutritional supplements.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Gesch, CBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hammond, SMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hampson, SEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Eves, Aa.eves@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Crowder, MJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2002
Uncontrolled Keywords : violent; scale; construction; aggression; depression; validation; anxiety; boys
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 16 May 2017 14:48
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 14:27
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/814926

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