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Queer signs: The women of the British projective test movement

Hubbard, Katherine (2017) Queer signs: The women of the British projective test movement Journal of The History of the Behavioral Sciences, 53 (3). pp. 265-285.

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Abstract

As queer history is often hidden historians must look for ‘signs’ that hint at queer lives and experiences. When psychologists use projective tests the search for queer signs has historically been more literal, and this was especially true in the homophobic practices of Psychology in the mid-20th century. In this paper I respond to Elizabeth Scarborough’s call for more analytic history about the lesser known women in Psychology’s history. By focusing on British projective research conducted by lesbian Psychologist June Hopkins I shift perspective and consider, not those who were tested (which has been historically more common), but those who did the testing, and position them as potential queer subjects. After briefly outlining why the projective test movement is ripe for such analysis and the kinds of queer signs that were identified using the Rorschach ink blot test in the mid-20th century, I then present June Hopkins’ (1969; 1970) research on the ‘lesbian personality’. This work forms a framework upon which I then consider the lives of Margaret Lowenfeld, Ann Kaldegg and Effie Lillian Hutton, all of whom were involved in the British projective test movement a generation prior to Hopkins. By adopting Hopkins’ research to frame their lives I present the possibility of this ambiguous history being distinctly queer.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Sociology
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Hubbard, Katherinek.a.hubbard@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : July 2017
Identification Number : 10.1002/jhbs.21863
Uncontrolled Keywords : Queer history, Feminist analysis, Projective Testing, Rorschach, British History
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 12 May 2017 12:03
Last Modified : 27 Jul 2017 12:54
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/814161

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