University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Agrin mediates chondrocyte homeostasis and requires both LRP4 and α-dystroglycan to enhance cartilage formation in vitro and in vivo

Eldridge, S, Nalesso, G, Ismail, H, Vicente-Greco, K, Kabouridis, P, Ramachandran, M, Niemeier, A, Herz, J, Pitzalis, C, Perretti, M and Dell'Accio, F (2015) Agrin mediates chondrocyte homeostasis and requires both LRP4 and α-dystroglycan to enhance cartilage formation in vitro and in vivo Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 75 (6).

[img]
Preview
Text
Agrin mediates chondrocyte homeostasis and requires both LRP4 and alpha dystroglycan to enhance cartilage formation in vitro and in vivo.pdf - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (1MB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (licence)
SRI_deposit_agreement.pdf
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (33kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objectives Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability for which there is no cure. The identification of molecules supporting cartilage homeostasis and regeneration is therefore a major pursuit in musculoskeletal medicine. Agrin is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan which, through binding to low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP4), is required for neuromuscular synapse formation. In other tissues, it connects the cytoskeleton to the basement membrane through binding to α-dystroglycan. Prompted by an unexpected expression pattern, we investigated the role and receptor usage of agrin in cartilage. Methods Agrin expression pattern was investigated in human osteoarthritic cartilage and following destabilisation of the medial meniscus in mice. Extracellular matrix (ECM) formation and chondrocyte differentiation was studied in gain and loss of function experiments in vitro in three-dimensional cultures and gain of function in vivo, using an ectopic cartilage formation assay in nude mice. Receptor usage was investigated by disrupting LRP4 and α-dystroglycan by siRNA and blocking antibodies respectively. Results Agrin was detected in normal cartilage but was progressively lost in OA. In vitro, agrin knockdown resulted in reduced glycosaminoglycan content, downregulation of the cartilage transcription factor SOX9 and other cartilage-specific ECM molecules. Conversely, exogenous agrin supported cartilage differentiation in vitro and ectopic cartilage formation in vivo. In the context of cartilage differentiation, agrin used an unusual receptor repertoire requiring both LRP4 and α-dystroglycan. Conclusions We have discovered that agrin strongly promotes chondrocyte differentiation and cartilage formation in vivo. Our results identify agrin as a novel potent anabolic growth factor with strong therapeutic potential in cartilage regeneration.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Veterinary Medicine
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Eldridge, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nalesso, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ismail, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vicente-Greco, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kabouridis, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ramachandran, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Niemeier, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Herz, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pitzalis, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Perretti, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dell'Accio, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 19 August 2015
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2015-207316
Copyright Disclaimer : © Article author (or their employer) 2015. Produced by BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (& EULAR) under licence.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 07 Apr 2017 09:29
Last Modified : 07 Apr 2017 09:29
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813981

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800