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Bullying at Work: Cognitive Appraisal of Negative Acts, Coping, Wellbeing and Performance

Hewett, R, Liefooghe, A, Visockaite, Gintare and Roongrerngsuke, S (2016) Bullying at Work: Cognitive Appraisal of Negative Acts, Coping, Wellbeing and Performance Journal of Occupational Health Psychology.

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Abstract

The negative outcomes of experiencing workplace bullying are well documented, but a strong theoretical explanation for this has been relatively neglected. We draw on cognitive appraisal theory to suggest that individuals’ appraisals of and responses to negative acts at work will moderate the impact of said acts on wellbeing and performance outcomes. In a large study (N = 3217) in Southeast Asia, we examine moderators in the form of 1) the extent to which individuals identify themselves as being bullied and 2) the coping strategies that individuals employ to deal with negative acts. We find that these factors do moderate the impact of experiencing negative acts, in particular work-related negative acts. When individuals are subject to work-related negative acts but do not see themselves as being bullied they report higher levels of performance than those who do identify themselves as being bullied. Problem-focused coping was found to be effective for those sometimes targeted, but for persistent targets was detrimental to wellbeing. The present research has important implications for bullying research in examining factors which contribute to outcomes of bullying.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Hewett, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Liefooghe, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Visockaite, Gintareg.visockaite@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Roongrerngsuke, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 12 December 2016
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000064
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2016 American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/ocp/index.aspx
Uncontrolled Keywords : Bullying, Cognitive Appraisal Theory, Coping
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 27 Jun 2017 10:30
Last Modified : 27 Jun 2017 10:30
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813895

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