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Assessing the dosimetric and geometric accuracy of stereotactic radiosurgery.

Dimitriadis, Alexis (2017) Assessing the dosimetric and geometric accuracy of stereotactic radiosurgery. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey.

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Abstract

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a non-invasive treatment predominantly used for the management of malignant and benign brain tumours. The treatment can be delivered by various platforms in a single fraction where a high dose of radiation is delivered to the target whilst the surrounding healthy tissue is spared. This requires a high degree of accuracy in terms of the dose level delivered but also in terms of geometric precision. The purpose of this work was to identify the variations of SRS practice in the UK and develop a novel method compatible with all practices, capable of assessing the accuracy of delivery. The motivation behind this e↵ort was to contribute to safety in SRS delivery, provide confidence through a quality assurance audit and form a basis to support standardisation in SRS. A national survey was performed to investigate SRS practices in the UK and to help guide the methodology of this thesis. This resulted to the development of a method for an end-to-end audit of SRS. This was based on an anthropomorphic head phantom with a medium sized target located centrally in the brain, in close proximity to the brainstem. This realistic patient scenario was presented to all 26 radiosurgery centres in the UK who were asked to treat it with SRS. The dose delivered was assessed using two novel commercially available radiation detectors, a plastic scintillator and radiochromic film. These detectors were characterised for measuring the dose delivered in SRS. Another established dosimetry system, alanine, was also used alongside these detectors to assess the accuracy of each delivery. The results allowed the assessment of SRS practices in the UK and the comparison of all centres that participated in the audit. The results were also used to evaluate the performance of the dosimeters used for the purposes of quality assurance measurements and audit.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects : Radiation and Medical Physics
Divisions : Theses
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Dimitriadis, AlexisUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0003-4507-0734
Date : 28 April 2017
Funders : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Grant Title : EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Application of Next Generation Accelerators
Contributors :
ContributionNameEmailORCID
http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/THSNisbet, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIEDClark, C.H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User : Alexis Dimitriadis
Date Deposited : 05 May 2017 09:45
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 19:15
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813888

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