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The sound of voice: Voice-based categorization of speakers’ sexual orientation within and across languages

Sulpizio, S, Fasoli, F, Maass, A, Paladino, MP, Vespignani, F, Eyssel, F and Bentler, D (2015) The sound of voice: Voice-based categorization of speakers’ sexual orientation within and across languages PLoS One, 10 (7). pp. 1-38.

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Abstract

Empirical research had initially shown that English listeners are able to identify the speakers' sexual orientation based on voice cues alone. However, the accuracy of this voice-based categorization, as well as its generalizability to other languages (language-dependency) and to non-native speakers (language-specificity), has been questioned recently. Consequently, we address these open issues in 5 experiments: First, we tested whether Italian and German listeners are able to correctly identify sexual orientation of same-language male speakers. Then, participants of both nationalities listened to voice samples and rated the sexual orientation of both Italian and German male speakers. We found that listeners were unable to identify the speakers' sexual orientation correctly. However, speakers were consistently categorized as either heterosexual or gay on the basis of how they sounded. Moreover, a similar pattern of results emerged when listeners judged the sexual orientation of speakers of their own and of the foreign language. Overall, this research suggests that voice-based categorization of sexual orientation reflects the listeners' expectations of how gay voices sound rather than being an accurate detector of the speakers' actual sexual identity. Results are discussed with regard to accuracy, acoustic features of voices, language dependency and language specificity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Sulpizio, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fasoli, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Maass, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Paladino, MPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vespignani, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Eyssel, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bentler, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 July 2015
Identification Number : 10.1371/journal.pone.0128882
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2015 Sulpizio et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 30 Mar 2017 07:59
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 19:15
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813886

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