University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Long Live the King! Beginnings Loom Larger than Endings of Past and Recurrent Events

Teigen, KH, Böhm, G, Bruckmüller, S, Hegarty, Peter and Luminet, O (2017) Long Live the King! Beginnings Loom Larger than Endings of Past and Recurrent Events Cognition, 163. pp. 26-41.

[img] Text
Beginnings_Cognition_FinalR (002).docx - Accepted version Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 6 March 2018.
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (207kB)
[img]
Preview
Text (licence)
SRI_deposit_agreement.pdf
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (33kB) | Preview

Abstract

Events are temporal “figures”, which can be defined as identifiable segments in time, bounded by beginnings and endings. But the functions and importance of these two boundaries differ. We argue that beginnings loom larger than endings by attracting more attention, being judged as more important and interesting, warranting more explanation, and having more causal power. This difference follows from a lay notion that additions (the introduction of something new) imply more change and demand more effort than do subtractions (returning to a previous state of affairs). This “beginning advantage” is demonstrated in eight studies of people’s representations of epochs and events on a historical timeline as well as in cyclical change in the annual seasons. People think it is more important to know when wars and reigns started than when they ended, and are more interested in reading about beginnings than endings of historical movements. Transitional events (such as elections and passages from one season to the next) claim more interest and grow in importance when framed as beginnings of what follows than as conclusions of what came before. As beginnings are often identified in retrospect, the beginning advantage may distort and exaggerate their actual historical importance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Psychology
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Teigen, KHUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Böhm, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bruckmüller, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hegarty, PeterP.Hegarty@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Luminet, OUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 6 March 2017
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.cognition.2017.02.013
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords : Event cognition; beginnings; history; framing; seasons
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 Mar 2017 17:51
Last Modified : 19 Jul 2017 13:17
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813802

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800