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Evaluation of formaldehyde concentration in the ambient air of a most populated Iranian city, Tehran

Dehghani, MH, Salari, M, Naddafi, K, Nazmara, S, Ahmadi, E and Kumar, Prashant (2017) Evaluation of formaldehyde concentration in the ambient air of a most populated Iranian city, Tehran Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, 10 (6). pp. 763-772.

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Abstract

Exposure to high levels of formaldehyde is known as both acute and chronic health problems, but the studies analyzing ambient concentrations of formaldehyde, especially in Middle East cities such as Tehran, are still rare. The aim of this study is to survey the variations in the concentration of formaldehyde in several areas with a high traffic volume of Tehran city during different seasons. The other objectives include understanding the influence of carbon monoxide, ozone and nitrogen dioxide concentrations, ambient temperature, relative humidity, and air pressure on the variation of formaldehyde concentration. Measurements were carried out during the period of 6 months between 2013 (December 22 to February 14) and 2014 (April 27 to June 20 at five different locations within the city, together with a background site. One hundred and eight samples, each averaged over 3 hours from 11 AM to 2PM, were taken from the sampling locations. The average concentration of formaldehyde in the spring (22.7±5.3 ppb) was found about 1.31 times higher than winter (17.3±4.2ppb). Formaldehyde concentrations demonstrated a significant correlation with the changes in air temperature (in the range of 0.46 to 0.66 for different locations) but not having any strong correlation with humidity and pressure. Carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide showed a significant coefficient of determination with formaldehyde concentrations with R2 as 0.80 and 0.67 during the winter, respectively, whereas the corresponding R2 values during spring were 0.39 and 0.41. Ozone showed a significant correlation with formaldehyde (R2=0.64) during the spring and has not such the significant correlation during the season winter (R2=0.23). Overall, it concluded that Road vehicles were recognized as main contributor of formaldehyde production during both the seasons, especially in the winter, also photochemical oxidation was another important and considerable contributor producing formaldehyde during the spring.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Civil & Environmental Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Dehghani, MHUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Salari, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Naddafi, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nazmara, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ahmadi, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kumar, PrashantP.Kumar@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 April 2017
Identification Number : 10.1007/s11869-017-0468-x
Copyright Disclaimer : The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11869-017-0468-x
Uncontrolled Keywords : Formaldehyde concentration; Air Pollutants; Ambient air; Tehran city
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 14 Mar 2017 09:55
Last Modified : 06 Sep 2017 13:53
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813765

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