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Beyond the ‘east–west’ dichotomy: Global variation in cultural models of selfhood.

Vignoles, VL, Owe, E, Becker, M, Smith, PB, Easterbrook, MJ, Brown, R, González, R, Didier, N, Carrasco, D, Cadena, MP and Kreuzbauer, Robert (2016) Beyond the ‘east–west’ dichotomy: Global variation in cultural models of selfhood. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145 (8). pp. 966-1000.

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Abstract

Markus and Kitayama’s (1991) theory of independent and interdependent self-construals had a major influence on social, personality, and developmental psychology by highlighting the role of culture in psychological processes. However, research has relied excessively on contrasts between North American and East Asian samples, and commonly used self-report measures of independence and interdependence frequently fail to show predicted cultural differences. We revisited the conceptualization and measurement of independent and interdependent self-construals in 2 large-scale multinational surveys, using improved methods for cross-cultural research. We developed (Study 1: N = 2924 students in 16 nations) and validated across cultures (Study 2: N = 7279 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations) a new 7-dimensional model of self-reported ways of being independent or interdependent. Patterns of global variation support some of Markus and Kitayama’s predictions, but a simple contrast between independence and interdependence does not adequately capture the diverse models of selfhood that prevail in different world regions. Cultural groups emphasize different ways of being both independent and interdependent, depending on individualism-collectivism, national socioeconomic development, and religious heritage. Our 7-dimensional model will allow future researchers to test more accurately the implications of cultural models of selfhood for psychological processes in diverse ecocultural contexts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Surrey Business School
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Vignoles, VLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Owe, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Becker, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smith, PBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Easterbrook, MJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brown, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
González, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Didier, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Carrasco, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cadena, MPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kreuzbauer, Robertr.kreuzbauer@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : August 2016
Identification Number : 10.1037/xge0000175
Copyright Disclaimer : (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 08 Mar 2017 16:10
Last Modified : 19 Jul 2017 08:14
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813716

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