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Ionic–gelation synthesis of gadolinium doped ceria (Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.90) nanocomposite powder using sodium-alginate

Amini Horri, B, Pezeshkpour, S, Abdullah, AZ and Salamatinia, B (2017) Ionic–gelation synthesis of gadolinium doped ceria (Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.90) nanocomposite powder using sodium-alginate Ceramics International, 43 (9). pp. 7123-7135.

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Abstract

Nanocomposite powders of gadolinium-doped ceria (GDC, Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9) were synthesized via thermal treatment of the gel formed by contacting ionic solutions of sodium alginate as the jelling template and metal (gadolinium/cerium) nitrates as the starting material. The influence of calcination temperature and sodium alginate loading fraction on the properties of the synthesized GDC nanocomposite powders was investigated. Characterization was performed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy and nitrogen adsorption/desorption analysis. It was observed that the particle size and the surface area of the produced GDC nanocomposite powders are dominantly controlled by the calcination temperature, while the effect of sodium alginate loading fraction is limited by the range of the calcination temperature. In this study, the smallest mesoporous GDC nanocomposite powder with cubic fluorite structure (8 nm crystallite size and 3.05 ± 0.005 m2/g surface area) was synthesized using 2 wt. % of sodium alginate at a calcination temperature of 550 °C (for 4 h).The results of this study could help to perceive the influence of the basic processing variables on the particle size and the other physiochemical properties of GDC nanocomposite powders produced by the ionic-gelation method.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Chemical & Process Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Amini Horri, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pezeshkpour, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Abdullah, AZUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Salamatinia, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 28 February 2017
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.02.145
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 31 Mar 2017 17:20
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 19:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813688

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