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Growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes on a Co–Mo–MgO supported catalyst by the CVD of methane in a fixed bed reactor: Model setting and parameter estimation

Izadi, N, Rashidi, A, Amini Horri, B, Mosoudi, MR, Bozorgzadeh, HR and Zeraatkar, A (2011) Growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes on a Co–Mo–MgO supported catalyst by the CVD of methane in a fixed bed reactor: Model setting and parameter estimation Solid State Sciences, 13 (6). pp. 1242-1250.

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Abstract

In this work methane was decomposed to hydrogen and carbon to determine its kinetic behavior during reaction over a Co–Mo–MgO supported catalyst using the CVD (Chemical Vapor Deposition) technique. Decomposition of methane molecules was performed in a continuous fixed bed reactor to obtain data to simulate methane decomposition in a gas phase heterogeneous media. The products and reactants of reaction were analyzed by molecular sieve column followed by GC-analysis of the fractions to determine the amount of product converted or reactant consumed. The synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes was performed at atmospheric pressure, different temperatures and reactant concentrations. The experimental data analyzed to suggest the formula for calculation of the initial specific reaction rate of the carbon nanotubes synthesis, were fitted by several mathematical models derived from different mechanisms based on Longmuir-hinshelwood expression. The suggested mechanism according to dissociation adsorption of methane seems to explain the catalytic performance in the range of operating conditions studied. The apparent activation energy for the growth of SWNTs was estimated according to Arrhenius equation. The as grown SWNTs products were characterized by SEM, TEM and Raman spectroscopy after purification. The catalyst deactivation was found to be dependent on the time, reaction temperature and partial pressure of methane and indicated that the reaction of deactivation can be modeled by a simple apparent second order of reaction.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Chemical and Process Engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Izadi, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rashidi, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Amini Horri, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mosoudi, MRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bozorgzadeh, HRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zeraatkar, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 29 March 2011
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2011.03.016
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Mathematical model; Co–Mo–MgO supported catalyst; Single-walled carbon; CVD
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 30 Mar 2017 09:46
Last Modified : 30 Mar 2017 09:46
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/813676

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